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Written by Olin Coles   
Tuesday, 07 December 2010
Table of Contents: Page Index
NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card Performance
GeForce GTX 570 Closer Look
GeForce GTX 570 Detailed
Features and Specifications
Video Card Testing Methodology
DX10: 3DMark Vantage
DX10: Crysis Warhead
DX11: Aliens vs Predator
DX11: Battlefield Bad Company 2
DX11: BattleForge
DX11: Lost Planet 2
DX9 SSAO: Mafia II
DX11: Metro 2033
DX11: Tom Clancy's HAWX2
DX11: Unigine Heaven 2.1
GeForce GTX 570 Temperatures
VGA Power Consumption
NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Conclusion

GeForce GTX 570 Detailed

In some ways the new GF110 graphics processor is no different than the original GF100. NVIDIA claims that the Fermi block diagram is identical between the two, and only the ratio of tessellation, shader, and texture units has been refined. This means that the GF110 shares the same 530 mm2 die profile, shared memory, dedicated L1 cache, and 768KB L2 cache as the GF100. The thermal threshold is reduced to 97°C, and the transistor count moves down from 3.2-billion to 3-billion. Benchmark Reviews offers our NVIDIA Fermi Graphics Architecture guide for a more comprehensive look into the Fermi GPU.

NVIDIA-Fermi-GF110-GTX570.jpg

NVIDIA's GF110 GPU inside the GeForce GTX 570 maintains five of six available 64-bit GDDR5 memory controllers (320 of 384-bit possible) to facilitate high bandwidth access to the frame buffer. Nearly identical to the GeForce GTX 480 printed circuit board design, the GTX 580 (pictured below) has been reused for the GTX 570 with very few differences. The first obvious departure from the GTX 480 PCB is the lack of blower fan openings in the PCB. Changes between the GTX 480 and GTX 580/570 are much more subtle, yet make an impact on functionality.

NVIDIA-GeForce-GTX580-PCB-Top.jpg

Circled below are the electronic components responsible for power management on NVIDIA's GeForce GTX 580/570 video cards. Benchmark Reviews uses GPU stress tools to measure maximum power usage, although admittedly no video game exists that would ever create comparable power demands. NVIDIA now dedicates hardware circuitry to the task of monitoring power consumption as well as temperature, adjusting performance to protect the graphics card from damage.

NVIDIA-GeForce-GTX580-Power-Monitoring-Hardware.jpg

With so much circuit board real-estate still undeveloped, add-in card partners may choose to re-design the GeForce GTX 580/570 PCB so long as NVIDIA offers engineering information. Other changes could potentially include the use of higher-density DRAM modules, replacing the Samsung 128MB 1250MHz K4G10325FE-HC04 GDDR5 IC's with 256MB IC parts such as: Samsung 1250MHz K4G20325FC-HC04 GDDR5, or 1500MHz K4G20325FC-HC03. On the GeForce GTX 570 PCB, only five of six available 64-bit memory controllers are incorporated, which reduces the DRAM module count from 12 to 10.

NVIDIA-GeForce-GTX580-Exposted-PCB.jpg

NVIDIA designed the GTX 570 for 219 watts Thermal Design Power (TDP), which trails 25W behind the GeForce GTX 580. Keep this in mind when shopping for a power supply unit, because NVIDIA recommends a 550W PSU for the GTX 570; although I personally feel that a 700W or better PSU would be a safer suggestion in terms of upgrade longevity should you ever decide to pair two cards together into SLI. Benchmark Reviews has tested GeForce GTX 470 power consumption later in this article.

NVIDIA-GeForce-GTX580-PCB.jpg

NVIDIA has designed triple-SLI capability into their upper-level 'GTX' family Fermi video cards: GTX 465, 470, 480, 570, and 580. Even though SLI and triple-SLI are possible, careful consideration for heat must be given to overclocked computers systems, since multiple GPU's inside the computer case will further extend the CPU's heat range.

In the next section, we detail the various Fermi products and lay out their features and specifications before putting them to test...



 

Comments 

 
# No award ?Succellus 2010-12-07 08:46
No award and no final rates ?
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# RE: No award ?Olin Coles 2010-12-07 08:53
I'm experimenting. I occasionally get complaints about our ratings, so with this review you guys can draw your own conclusion.
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# RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card Performanceaberkae 2010-12-07 09:08
High end gpu for $350, now we are starting to see the affects of gpu wars!
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# RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceRealNeil 2010-12-07 09:49
Very compelling video card here. This looks to be a good replacement for the pair of GTX460's I was going to get. Maybe I'll get a pair of them,...(one for each box)...Ha-Ha! For the performance rendered, it really IS a good price point.
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# sweet deal !LASER 2010-12-07 13:39
thnks guys for fast review.. its 3Am but i dont really sleep so readind reviews..

i didnt thought 152hp machine can beat 177hp.... but yea it matches it and so much price difference...
totally stunning card compared to older price/perfor ratios by Nvidia...
i was going for GTX 580 but now i gotta think 170$ extra for 6fps in heavy games...

Finally i gotta again wait for price downs on GTX 580 ... or i will go for GTX 570 which is sweet deal !!
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# RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceServando Silva 2010-12-07 19:01
Is it possible to update the article with GTX 460 SLI results? Many people are still thinking about getting a pair of 460s.
Thanks for the article!
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# more than agreeresere 2010-12-08 06:51
call us lazy or whatever, but it would be nice to see in the same article the results of both 460 SLI/ 570.
Anyway good job once again.
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# BF: BC2 resolutionBunzing 2010-12-08 05:32
The Bad Company benchmark is probably done a 1920x1080 resolution, but I just want to no for sure. Thanks

Lookin like a great card btw. First time in years that i'm looking to buy a nvidia card instead of an ati. I sent thermaltake a mail to see wether the awesome coolingapparatice ISGC-V320 will fit (believe me it's a great cooler, but has to be supported some way because of the enormous weight).
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# Old School Gaming MonitorBruceBruce 2010-12-08 07:29
The second set of results (on the right) are for 1920 x 1200. The world has gone 1080P crazy, but we still like the "extra" 20% of vertical view on the old-school 1920 x 1200 monitors.
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# RE: BF: BC2 resolutionOlin Coles 2010-12-08 08:12
I've updated that chart to show the test resolutions. Sorry for the confusion!
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# BFBC 2 BenchmarkManuKey 2010-12-08 07:08
The result on BFBC2 are WAY to high... especially with 8X AA and HBAO...
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# You haven't been paying attentionBruceBruce 2010-12-08 07:23
Take a look at some other reviews, and you'll see that these results are typical. In my recent testing, I'm getting 1-2 FPS higher than this, with a P55-based system. See my MSI Radeon HD 6870 article on this site for examples:

GTX 460 - 47.5 FPS
HD 6870 - 55.7 FPS
HD 5870 - 65.9 FPS
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# Resolution for hi-res testingBruceBruce 2010-12-08 07:31
The results above are for 1920 x 1200 screen resolution. Sorry, forgot to mention that.
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# BFBC 2 Benchmark --> SPManuKey 2010-12-08 11:43
Anyway I juste realised that this is a Singleplayer benchmark (for a multiplayer oriented game... lol)... Multiplayer w/ 32+ players are way more demanding!
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# RE: BFBC 2 Benchmark --> SPOlin Coles 2010-12-08 12:00
Actually, the frame rates are about the same. I've tested it both ways, and the multiplayer maps generally produce the same FPS scores.
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# RE: RE: BFBC 2 Benchmark --> SPManuKey 2010-12-08 12:22
I think you're the first I hear saying that! just check the forums... in general, people seem's to get better performances in Singleplayer than multi...
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# Higher ping=Lower FPSNator 2010-12-09 12:13
Usually this computes. Ergo, playing online gives lower FPS.
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# RE: Higher ping=Lower FPSOlin Coles 2010-12-09 18:35
I think you're confusing network latency (lag) for video frame rate (FPS). Lag might appear to display choppy frames, but it's because of a network issue and not the video card. Most people avoid playing first person shooter games with a ping over 60ms.
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# temps____ 2010-12-08 18:52
The temps are higher than the 580!? Are you sure the 520 is not throttled? I can't think of anything else.
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# RE: tempsOlin Coles 2010-12-08 19:20
I'm going to presume you meant the 570, and not 520.

The temperature difference still has me a little baffled. The cooling solution is the same, and the test methodology was identical. Yet, somehow, the GeForce GTX 570 sample I received heats up more than both the GTX 580 I have.

If I hadn't retested three different times, I would still think there was something amiss. It is what it is.
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# RE: RE: tempsTim 2010-12-09 12:00
My GTX 580 heats up above 80 degrees under load so in that way its similar to 570
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# RE: RE: RE: tempsOlin Coles 2010-12-09 12:10
No, it doesn't. Our reference GTX 580 did not heat up to 80 degrees, it produced only 70C under full load. This was explained in the 'GeForce GTX 570 Temperatures' section of this article.
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# Could just be a very well produced 580Nator 2010-12-09 12:16
Temperatures can vary a bit between cards, even though they appear the same, its all down to the measuring stick, and a little bit to how good the contact between cooler and gpu/ram is. The temp. sensors can be off by a ways sometimes.
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# RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceTim 2010-12-10 00:42
I use a Gigabyte gtx 580. First I tried it in a 2008 Mac Pro (running Windows 7) For some reason the cooling didn't work properly and the card went too hot and fail (above 100 degrees). Putting the card in a i7 system and it does work ok. Idle temps are around 48 degrees. Playing BFBC2 temp goes up to about 82.
Running Adobe apps / premiere pro MPE temps are about 55 degrees.
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# RE: RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceOlin Coles 2010-12-10 08:19
Is your Gigabyte GTX 580 overclocked at all? I'm just curious, because our overclocked ASUS GTX 580 could reach 80C but the reference card only produced 70C.
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# RE: RE: RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceTim 2010-12-11 00:51
No it is a stock Gigabyte GTX 580. I am talking degrees in Celcius no Fahrenheit :-)
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# GTX480 Max Tempaaron686 2010-12-10 22:08
NVIDIA GeForce GTX 480 - 82°C (max)

How can the 480 have an absolute max temp of 82C? I've seen this card go to 95 - 100 easily, having both the 480 and the 570 at the same max temp is baffling.
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# RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceTim 2010-12-11 00:53
By the way, running Vray RT v2 GPU mode, the temp goes up to 86 degrees Celsius.
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# RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceLaszlo 2010-12-13 00:46
I would like to see the 570's preformance against 470 with same GPU, shader and mem clock speed (and memory timings too). Then - I think - that the differences would be almost nothing, only that little which comes from 448 vs 480 CUDA cores.
I searched for overclocking maximum results and not surprisingly the fastest 470 results clocked about 900+ (air, stock cooling) MHz - just the 570 results I found so far. With my lame mind (as I'm not an insider in the hw industry) I think that the ~900 is a limit that is nvidia made (with their 'protection'), not the limit that comes from the 40nm manufacturing process. And this things clearly show that the 570's higher clocks doesn't come from the more refined manufacturing (as older gen CPUs got more overclockable when their newer revisions came out) just from marketing strategy. Like you design a Porsche GT3, but first you sell a version to the public which is limited just a bit higher than the Boxter's (and call it Boxter2). Then playing that you worked hard (but did nothing), you limit the product less, say 911 Turbo. But literally the same product.
I will wait for 1: when the prices starting to drop; 2: the next gen.
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# RE: RE: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 Video Card PerformanceLaszlo 2010-12-13 01:59
Sorry, 800+, not 900+ (the GPU overclock). Mem-wise: if the gddr5 can be clocked as high as 1200 on the 5870, then maybe NV have some surplus GPU power on their shelf to unleash (as the 512 bit wide membus too - remember GTX285). Not too surprising that mem can be pushed ~1150. My ex8800 GTS512's mem - which is GDDR3 - was stable on that clk, and if it's 65nm GPU was stable on 750 (750/1950/1150 @1,15V), then a two (55nm then the current 40nm) gen later 40nm chip's 600-800 MHz clk is somewhat funny.
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