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Written by David Ramsey   
Wednesday, 10 April 2013
Table of Contents: Page Index
Budget Hackintosh PC Build Project
Hackintosh Components
Hackintosh Components Continued
The Build
OS X and UniBeast
Installing OS X
Configuring OS X with MultiBeast
4K Sector Drives
Using Your Hackintosh
Performance, Power, and Final Thoughts

Using Your Hackintosh

Now that your Hackintosh is running, there are a few limitations to keep in mind:

Sleep doesn't work. Attempting to sleep this computer will result in a blank screen and system lockup. There are some purported fixes to this problem for ASUS motherboards, which require flashing your board with a modified BIOS. I've tried this patched BIOS without success, and adopted the standard solution: disabling computer Sleep in the Energy Saver panel of System Preferences as shown below. You can use the Schedule button to program your Hackintosh to automatically shut down at the same time every night if you wish.

hackintosh-2013_sleep_disabled.jpg

System software updates should be approached with caution. I've been using Hackintoshes for several years now. I have yet to run into compatibility problems with applications or drivers: all my programs work, and all the printers, scanners, mice, etc. I've used work as well. You can update applications like iTunes and Microsoft Office and install drivers with no problem, but updating the operating system will almost certainly replace some of the patched components with standard code that won't work, and the consequences range from loosing audio or network connectivity to an unbootable system. It is possible to install system software updates (although it generally requires some post-installation work with MultiBeast), but you should disable automatic updating as shown below and check on Hackintosh boards like tonymacx86.com or insanelymac.com to see what the real experts have to say about each one. By leaving Automatically Check for Updates enabled, you'll be notified when updates are available, and can decide whether or not to install them on an individual basis.

hackintosh-2013_updates.jpg

USB 2.0 mass storage devices will not work in USB 3.0 ports. For day-to-day use, this means "plug your USB 2.0 key into a USB 2.0 port." Some USB 2.0 devices like printers may not work in USB 3.0 ports. In general try to keep USB 2.0 devices plugged into USB 2.0 ports and USB 3.0 devices plugged into USB 3.0 ports. Since the computer I built in this article has 3 USB 3.0 ports and 8 USB 2.0 ports, you should be able to find the right connection for everything.

Hackintosh Options

Of course, since you're building your own machine, you get to choose the components (although remember that the instructions provided in this article are for these specific components). Here are some options to consider:

CPU: Go with an Ivy Bridge CPU to get the best performance along with integrated USB 3.0 support that OS X can use with no configuration or patching. The CPU Intel sent was a much lower "spec" than the Core i5 I requested, but this turned out to be a win, since it showed me that for most work the much less expensive Core i3 CPU provides a good level of performance. Of course if you plan to overclock, you'll want a "K" series unlocked CPU and a Z77-based motherboard.

Motherboards: I really like the mini-ITX motherboards for Hackintoshes since you can build a nice, small system, and one PCI-E slot is all most Hackintosh users will ever need. Still, almost any Ivy Bridge motherboard will work. Do check on the audio chipset and Ethernet chipset used, though: MultiBeast provides support for Realtek and Intel Ethernet, and Realtek and Via audio chips. Unless you like blazing your own trails, it's a good idea to check with the Hackintosh community to see which motherboards they like.

Video card: If you choose a CPU with the Intel HD4000 integrated graphics, you don't need a separate video card at all unless you want the enhanced performance for gaming or other uses. Sadly the Core i3-3220 Intel sent us uses the HD2500 iGPU, which is not supported under OS X. Still, for a mere $15 more, you can get the Core i3-3225, an otherwise identical CPU with HD4000 graphics. If you do decide on a discrete video card, NVIDIA Fermi and Kepler cards will generally work "out of the box" with minor if any configuration. AMD cards can be made to work although the support is less; AMD drivers are in OS X Mountain Lion but reports from the field have been mixed on their effectiveness.

Hard disk/SSD, optical drive, and power supply: The ST500LM000 500GB SSHD Seagate provided for this build returned snappy performance, and subsequent boots after the initial one were noticeably faster. It also has the advantage of being small, quiet, and low power, all considerations which would make it a good fit for an mITX case that only had mounting points for 2.5" drives. Look for a more complete review of this disk from Benchmark Reviews in the near future. Of course any SATA hard disk or SSD will work; the device you pick depends on you wants and your budget. As with Windows PCs, SATA 6G SSDs provide the best performance. ASUS' Blu Ray DVD worked perfectly (OS X does not provide a standard way to play Blu Ray content; you'll have to spring for a third party program to play Blu Ray DVDs).



 

Comments 

 
# RE: Budget Hackintosh PC Build ProjectChris 2013-04-11 22:56
Some thoughts:

The case choice probably limited the CPU overclocking. There are some ITX cases where it is even possible to put a cooler the size of a Silver Arrow E or a Phanteks PH-TC14PE on with 3 fans.

See here for an example:
##phanteksusa.com/forum/showthread.php?195-Phanteks-in-my-Prodigy-by-gogosto

With a cooler like that, you'll be getting overclocks comparable to full sized desktops.


The 27" monitors do ship with a big 2560x1440 IPS monitor - there are some cheap Korean ones on Ebay.



I'd have to say, it's probably best to go with a full ATX board and a mid-tower case. Upgrade-ability is perhaps the largest advantage that these Hackintoshes have.



Also, David, about the fact that you have not used an Apple product in a while - you are not missing too much to be honest. There really isn't the big difference that people make there out to be with Apple hardware.
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# RE: RE: Budget Hackintosh PC Build ProjectDavid Ramsey 2013-04-12 08:00
Since Intel sent us a CPU that won't overclock, and ASUS sent us a motherboard that won't overclock, there seemed little point in trying to overclock anything.

I did cover this in the review...

That said, a full ATX setup does offer more options in this area, at the cost of a much larger system that will probably still only ever use a single slot. And you're more likely to find a case with both USB 2.0 and 3.0 connectors on the front panel.

Still, that's the whole point of building your own system: one that has the hardware you want to use. My first two Hackintosh articles here were on full ATX systems.
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# RE: RE: RE: Budget Hackintosh PC Build ProjectChris 2013-04-13 02:00
The reason why I do say that is because the typical geek building a Hackintosh probably is willing to get the "K" versions of the CPUs, so overclocking can be a factor there.

It really depends on your priorities I guess - in this case, you opted for SFF over full ATX. If all you need is a GPU (or you use integrated) then you're good. But if you want more, ATX board just gives you more options.

Looking over Apple's iMac line (my buddy has one), you're not missing much. The back of the new iMac has a distinct "bulge" so it's not quite as thin as it appears. Plus to make it so thin they had to use some laptop components (so performance does suffer somewhat).
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# terrible component choicespaul 2013-05-15 00:24
typically i enjoy benchmarkreviews articles, but this right here really puts things to shame. my first (and only?) comment, but enough for me to want to reply in disgust (and i will also unsubscribe from benchmarkreviews now)

this is supposed to be a "budget" hackintosh build.
also, i would expect that you would want the most compatible components for a hackintosh

where benchmarkreviews went wrong:

for budget, you included an extra +$110 for a GTX 260. this could have been eliminated if you chose a CPU that had supported on-board HD graphics (HD3000 or HD4000)

example:

i3-2105 (sandy bridge with HD3000) paired with Gigabyte H61N-USB3 will have a very high compatibility for hackintosh. since this is part of tonymac's golden builds, you don't even need to modify / require certain files (such as DSDT)
or
i3-3225 (ivy bridge with HD4000) paired with Gigabyte H77N-Wifi. same compatibility as above. would NOT need a discrete graphics card.

also, really? a $100 power supply? you could get a decent power supply, such as the corsair 430w *modular* for $30 after rebate @ newegg.

geez...
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# RE: terrible component choicesDavid Ramsey 2013-05-15 08:13
As I explained in the article, we are limited by the components our sponsors send us. Sometimes they send us what we ask for; and sometimes they don't. I did specifically mention the i3-3225 as a preferred option in the article.
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# OS 10.7 Required???Mugsy 2013-05-15 06:25
.
Is the creation of a "Hackintosh" only possible as of the release of OS 10.7 Lion?

Because it seems it would be much less cumbersome to use an earlier version of OS 10 on disc and just "upgrade" to 10.7 once you are up & running.

The mess of obtaining "Lion" from an existing working machine, aborting the install, transferring it to USB and installing it via a third-party utility, seems like an unnecessarily complex method of installing an OS.
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# RE: OS 10.7 Required???David Ramsey 2013-05-15 08:19
Not all all. Things got pretty easy starting with Snow Leopard (10.8.6), the last version of OS X released on physical media. In fact my first Hackintosh article-- which I provided a link to in this article-- described how to bring up a Hackintosh based on Snow Leopard.

The installation process with Snow Leopard still requires the creation of a magic USB key, so it's not really any easier than the Mountain Lion method. Also, every system upgrade you apply on the way to upgrading from Snow Leopard to Mountain Lion will either break something or render your machine unbootable, and each upgrade will nuke something different, so in general it's a lot easier to go with the latest OS from the start.

The one advantage of the Snow Leopard install is that you can do it without access to another Mac. Of course, first you have to find a Snow Leopard disk.
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# No upgrading?Mugsy 2013-05-15 08:31
It sounds like (based on your comment), that once you've built your Hackintosh, you'll never be able to upgrade the OS once it is built without "breaking something".
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# RE: No upgrading?David Ramsey 2013-05-15 08:53
Sigh. It seems as if nobody actually, you know, reads the articles any more. Go to the page titled "Using Your Hackintosh" and read the paragraph starting with the bold text "System software upgrades should be approached with caution."

In a nutshell: Making a Hackintosh requires patching parts of the OS. Upgrading the OS with Apple updates may replace some of the patched code. Therefore things might break, requiring you to re-install the patches.
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# Saw itMugsy 2013-05-15 09:15
Saw that. Wasn't entirely sure "system software" was an issue when upgrading the entire OS.

Problem is, if I read you correctly, the only time you can upgrade is once a (free) third-party patch is made available. :(
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# RE: Saw itDavid Ramsey 2013-05-15 09:42
No. Upgrading within an OS release (i.e. 10.8.x) may break something, but you can use the same patches you used for the original installation. For example, upgrading from 10.8.3 to 10.8.4 (expected any day now) might break Ethernet and audio, in which case you simply use MultiBeast to restore the same patches you used originally.

However, upgrading to a new OS release (10.8.x to 10.9, say) might require more work.
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# RE: Budget Hackintosh PC Build ProjectWolfram 2013-05-15 07:34
Bah, how stupid is this - you need a Mac to make a Hackintosh! The whole damn point is that I don't want to buy a Mac! And, no, borrowing one from a friend isn't a convenient option for me.
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# RE: RE: Budget Hackintosh PC Build ProjectDavid Ramsey 2013-05-15 08:20
I'm sorry it's not convenient for you. If you can figure out a way to bring a Mountain Lion Hackintosh up without having access to an existing Mac, the _entire Hackintosh community_ would like to hear about it. You'd be a damn hero.
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# Use VBOX and 10.7Deanjo 2013-05-17 07:05
You can get the 10.8 install media from the App Store if you have 10.7 install media which was available on USB. Once you have that, you are able to install it to virtualbox and use the appstore to download and create your 10.8 install media.
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# great site that tests different setupsMikey 2013-05-15 10:37
There are some builds that you can do, where the sleep mode works correctly. This guy tests all the latest stuff out to figure out what parts work best together :]

##tonymacx86.com/section/295-customac.html
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# MrR. Vail 2013-05-15 22:47
Re: "bring a Mountain Lion Hackintosh up without having access to an existing Mac". It is possible, by using a pre-modified ML installer.
There's at least 3 that I'm aware of: Niresh, Hazard, & iAtkos.
An Apple approved method? Well, not exactly...
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# RE: MrDavid Ramsey 2013-05-16 07:55
So, what you're saying is that you can bring up a Mountain Lion Hackintosh without access to an existing Mac, as long as someone else who does have access to an existing Mac has built a special installer for you...
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# StrugglingAleRay 2013-06-01 21:06
I tried this build with the i3-3225 and have kernel panic on boot. I'm trying to run 10.8.3. Have you been able to run 10.8.3 on this system?

I followed your instructions to a T. Then I scoured the tonymacx86. I've tried removing the AppleIntelCPUPowerMa nagement kexts to no success.

Do you have any suggestions?
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# WARNING -- BAD BUILDAleRay 2013-06-01 23:05
Okay. After a MISERABLE 3 days trying to get this build to work with 10.8.3 I was able to get it running with this... ##tonymacx86.com/mountain-lion-desktop-guides/72439-guide-asus-p8z77-i-i5-3570k-mountain-lion.html

The install procedure is VERY different to what is outlined here.

I completely agree with paul. Bad component choices. It's absurd to give a sample build based on what you were able to get for free rather than what is most compatible. Your disclosure does not clarify that there are more compatible components.

The responsible thing to do would be to take this article down or at LEAST put a warning at the beginning that this is NOT a recommended build for 10.8.3. And that there ARE builds that support sleep.

And if the ONLY reason to go with the $100 power supply is because it allows for more space.
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# RE: WARNING -- BAD BUILDDavid Ramsey 2013-06-02 09:11
I went through the ground-up configuration and installation four times as I wrote this article; when I was satisfied that everything was correct, I had a person with zero previous Hackintosh experience bring the system up from scratch using my directions. Everything worked, so I have no idea what your problem was.

I've read through the TonyMacx86 thread you cited. It's much less detailed than my build instructions, but the overall flow seems to be the same. Since these instructions worked for you, could you point out the difference that enabled you to get past the kernel panic? I can always amend the article to reflect this.

It would be nice if all the review sites had large piles of cash sitting around that we could use to buy all the hardware we review, rather than what vendors choose to send us. Perhaps we could start charging for our articles...

And yes, space considerations were the reason behind the choice of the SFX power supply. I thought I explained that pretty clearly in the section on components. I do specifically mention that the Cooler Master case supports ATX power supplies, so you can use whatever power supply you want.
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# huge headache with the installJames 2013-06-03 13:04
I'm using the exact same motherboard and cpu as the author but I cant boot unless I'm in safe mode. The machine gets stuck at boot when it says that it cannot recognize the CPU. Is there any way someone has found to work around this? Does this hardware actually work with mountain lion?
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# RE: huge headache with the installDavid Ramsey 2013-06-03 14:15
Yes, it really, truly works with Mountain Lion. You gave virtually no information in your message, so it's kinda hard to tell you what to try. How far have you gotten with the installation? Did you successfully create your installation key and go through the OS X installation? In other words, where are you in the process when the machine fails to boot?
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# RE: RE: huge headache with the installJames 2013-06-03 15:09
I apologize for being frustrated and not providing all the details. I installed ML and then am able to boot into the installation from the USB drive but only with the -x option. Once I am in, I went through the initial OSX setup with selecting usernames and time zones. Then I can get into the functional desktop for OSX, but am in safe mode. I have run the MultiBeast program with the options you have specified. After the system reboots, it hangs. I can reboot with -v to see that it is hanging on "unknown cpu model 0x3a". Rebooting with -x solves this issue, but it puts me in safe mode where the system is not fully functional.
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# RE: RE: huge headache with the installJames 2013-06-03 15:32
To be specific, the error I'm hanging on is WARNING: IOPlatformPluginUtil : getCPUIDInfo: this is an unknown CPU model 0x3a
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# RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installDavid Ramsey 2013-06-03 17:19
Well, I've spent some time researching this. It's mysterious since you're using the same motherboard and CPU that I did for this build. Here are some things to try:

1. Make sure your BIOS is the latest version. FWIW, the BIOS on my board is version 1001.

2. Some people have said disabling VT-d in the BIOS cured it. Not applicable since this mobo doesn't have VT-d.

3. Others say that resetting the BIOS to its factory defaults fixed it. Of course if you try this remember to make sure your SATA ports are set to AHCI and that your boot device is correct.

4. One person said adding fakesmc.kext worked. You can find this in Multibeast: Drivers & Bootloaders->Drivers->Miscellaneous->FakeSMC.

I think #4 is your best bet. Give it a try.
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installDavid Ramsey 2013-06-03 17:27
Oh, yeah: if you followed my instructions, you should already have FakeSMC.kext, since it's installed as part of EasyBeast, the very first checkbox in MultiBeast. If you want to check before trying this, open /System/Library/Extensions and look for "FakeSMC.kext".

Reinstalling it won't hurt anything, but if you already have it, it probably won't help, either.

Let me know.
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installJames 2013-06-03 17:39
Hi David, thank you for looking into this problem and offering some advice. I appreciate the work you put into the guide and answering responses on this site. I tried the FakeSMC earlier with no luck. I also tried factory default setting in the BIOS with no luck. I have yet to try making sure the BIOS was at the latest version. In between the time I posted and your response I went to Fry's and returned the CPU as I thought that maybe I will have better luck with a different model. I'm waiting on my order of the 3225 to come in from Amazon. I will post an update here once I learn more about how this problem evolves.
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installDavid Ramsey 2013-06-03 17:46
The only difference between the 3220 and 3225 is that the latter has a usable integrated GPU, which is nice if you don't want to dedicate a graphics card. I'd be surprised if it made any difference, though.

Let me know how it turns out. If worse comes to worse you can ship it to me and I will MAKE IT WORK.
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installAleRay 2013-06-03 19:57
I got stuck in the same place with a 3225.

I'm at the point where I have a stable install, but no audio and no power management. I did it following these instructions (and some of the instructions here -- like 4k sectors).
#tonymacx86.com/mountain-lion-desktop-guides/72439-guide-asus-p8z77-i-i5-3570k-mountain-lion.html

Many differences in BIOS setup and multibeast. Then I had to hard code my resolution (1080x1200x32) in that boot plist file. (Writing from my phone).

To get audio (essential) and power management you have to flash the BIOS (which I consider to be beyond the threshold of a "simple" install). I haven't done it yet, but this looks like a good set of instructions...

##tonymacx86.com/golden-builds/97645-pjalms-mini-server-i7-3770-p8h77-i-hd4000-working-ivy-bridge-powermanagement.html
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installDavid Ramsey 2013-06-03 21:14
Flashing the BIOS with a patched version you find online is indeed beyond a simple install, but you shouldn't have to flash the BIOS to get audio. This is the third Hackintosh I've built with ASUS mITX boards and I've yet to flash a BIOS.

Well, actually, I did try on my own machine to get power management working, but haven't had any luck there, which is why it's not in this article. But again, simply installing the audio driver as I describe works fine, really.

BTW, the link you posted was a guide for the P8Z77 board, which has different audio (among other things) from the P8H77 board in my article. This would explain the "many differences"...
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installJames 2013-06-04 11:30
I have a minor (maybe not for user AleRay) update as of this morning. I decided to go with the fully reccomended setup by tonymacosx found here:
##tonymacx86.com/248-building-customac-customac-mini-2012.html

So like I said, I already returned by 3220 and ordered a 3225. I decided to return my asus p8h77 and order a gah77 because apparantly gigabyte mobos rock with osx.

Well, I go to the store to return my motherboard and they would not want to accept the return because they claimed that there were two bent pins. I do not know how in the hell that happened! Anyway, if you're seeing this issue of cpu uknown 0x3a when booting and can only boot in safe mode, it may be worth your time to verify that the cpu is properly seated and that all the pins are straight and functional.

I probably could have made this build work like David Ramsey did if I paid some more attention to the seating of the cpu but it's too late for me now as I already ordered new stuff.
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installDavid Ramsey 2013-06-04 14:24
Too bad on those bent pins-- I've done that myself on an X58 board. Hopefully your new Hackintosh setup will go more smoothly!
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# RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: RE: huge headache with the installOlin Coles 2013-06-04 15:16
Why not just use tweezers to carefully bend the pins back and use this motherboard?
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# Install OS X 10.8 on my PCshibu 2013-09-07 19:40
i have following config pc
Processor : Intel(R)i3-3220 CPU @ 3.30GHz
Mother Board :Intel DH77EB
RAM : 8GB
Graphic Card :NVIDIA GeForce GT 610 (2GB)

Can i install mac os X 10.8 on this PC
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# RE: Budget Hackintosh PC Build ProjectDavid Ramsey 2013-09-07 19:45
I don't know if anyone has used this particular motherboard for a Hackintosh before, but I don't know any reason it wouldn't work. The only problems you might have would be with the audio, I think.
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# MonitorErbas 2013-12-01 10:16
With this motherboard I can connect direct hdmi on tv and use the tv as a monitor.
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